17 May Effective Treatments for Skin Pigmentation
We all want to be comfortable in our own skin. This means to be confident and relaxed with one’s approach of portraying oneself and intermingling with our fellows. We want to portray an impression that is clear and accepting of one’s abilities and situations, whatever they happen to be. But to be comfortable in your own skin is not only a psychological attribute, it’s also physical. The two things go cap in hand. If you don’t like the way you look it’s not easy to be comfortable in your mind. People with skin conditions, and especially those of the face, often find it hard work being at ease. Anyone who has patchy, discoloured skin may want to look into a therapy called pigmentation removal. Singapore cosmetic doctors have been performing advanced pigmentation removal therapies for many years now.
About Pigmentation Disorders
Skin pigmentation disorders result in uneven skin tones, blemishes and dark spots. Sometimes they are quite noticeable on exposed areas of the skin such as the face, neck, hands and arms. In these cases, people can become uncomfortable and self-conscious. We all want to look as good as we can; it’s part of being human. This is why a lot of people look toward specialized therapies to help treat their conditions. Scars left by acne can also be quite disfiguring. The demand for acne pigmentation removal treatments and OTC products has soared over the years.
Pigmentation of the skin results in unwanted, visible dark areas. Most of us have pigmentation to some degree. An overproduction of a dark skin pigment (brown to black) we call melanin is responsible for these blemishes. It’s pigment that gives white people their tan when exposed to direct sunlight. Another cause is skin inflammation which happens in the case of acne. Though harmless in the physical sense, pigmentation issues can cause a lot of emotional stress in some people. For women, applying makeup can become a real frustration.
There’s also another type of pigmentation that we call vitiligo. It results in unsightly pale or whitish patches on areas of the skin making it look blotchy. Vitiligo occurs when there is a lack of melanin. Whether these blemishes are dark or white, they’re unwelcome either way.
All hyperpigmentation means is the condition is excessive. Worse still is that it usually appears where you least want it to, i.e. the face and hands. It happens in one of two circumstances:
1. An unusually high concentration of mature melanin-forming cells
2. Melanocytes become hyperactive (e.g. stimulated by the sun)
Hyperpigmentation can affect anyone, and it can transpire anywhere on the body. Some ethnic groups with certain skin types are more vulnerable than others though, namely:
Hyperpigmentation can be the result of a number of conditions, not only exposure to the sun. If gone untreated most of them are permanent. You will recognise some of them:
- Freckles (lentigenes)
- Nevus (birthmark or mole)
- Pregnancy-induced melisma (also called Chloasma faciei)
- Solar lentigos (age spots, sun spots)
- Sun tan
- Under-eye circles
The Main Causes of Hyperpigmentation
Some causes of hyperpigmentation are preventable whereas others are just the result of bad luck. Six of the most common causes include the following:
1. Heredity (genetics)
2. Hormonal imbalances
3. Skin inflammation like acne vulgaris (pimples, blackheads, whiteheads,)
4. Squeezing and picking the skin
5. Too much exposure to the sun
6. Various medicines (hormone treatments, anti-seizure drugs, antibiotics)
Although there are no known cures for hyperpigmentation, there are effective treatments. What works for an individual all depends on the severity of their condition and skin type. The condition doesn’t go away with treatments. The idea is to make it less visible, or invisible, by lightening its appearance.
Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) is a condition that results in darker skin in places where there was previous inflammation. For example, a burn, deep cut, or minor injury of some kind, etc. After the affected area has healed, it leaves a dark mark on the skin’ surface (epidermis). Good skin maintenance and sun protection can prevent or lessen the effects of skin pigmentation issues. As far as expose to the sun is concerned, you really need a product with a sunscreen factor of at least SPF 15. Aside from pigmentation issues, too much exposure to the sun can contribute towards premature ageing and potential skin cancers.
Whether it is acne pigmentation removal, sun spots, dark circles or vitiligo, there are now a number of treatments available. Some of these are topical, others require more invasive therapies. What works for you all depends on your condition and expectations. For pigmentation removal, Singapore clinics are well-equipped with the latest technologies. Singapore’s doctors are also highly trained and experienced. This island nation is becoming the region’s hub for cosmetic surgery procedures for all the right reasons.
Available Treatment Options
What a lot of people don’t realize is that they can reduce the visible appearance of their pigmentation at home. You can do this by adopting a personalised skincare regime. Women are generally better at this than their male counterparts, but even they can use a little advice at times. Using a sunscreen when outdoors is just the start. There are also various skincare products specifically formulated to treat skin pigmentation. Some of these help to remove any build-up of dead stained cells on the skin’s surface. Some of the ingredients used to treat hyperpigmentation are the vitamin C serum and something called kojic acid.
A more invasive, thought permanent way to treat skin pigmentation is with laser surgery. Ablative lasers only remove the surface layer of the skin. They can do a wonderful job at treating skin pigmentation. The downside to laser treatments is that there will usually be some recovery time necessary as the skin heals. The point is that there are options today, meaning no one has to walk around with unsightly skin pigmentation. Even in cases of severe darkening, it’s still possible to make the discoloration a lot less noticeable with the proper treatment.
Hyper pigmentation – http://goodmandermatology.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/photo-facial-example.jpg
The main cause of hyper pigmentation – http://edayspas.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/hyperpigmentation.jpg
Available Treatment Options – http://bodysilk.co.uk/images/Hyperpigmentation_bodysilkclinic.png